Valtteri Bottas won the Japanese Grand Prix with team-mate Lewis Hamilton third behind Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel, securing a Formula 1 record sixth straight World Championship double for Mercedes.
The result sealed the constructors’ title with four races to go and, while Hamilton is not quite world champion yet, only Bottas can catch him.
It breaks the record set by Michael Schumacher and Ferrari from 2000 to 2004, and confirms this Mercedes team as the greatest in F1 history.
Briton Hamilton leads Bottas by 64 points and needs to be 78 clear of the Finn to win his sixth drivers’ title at the next race in Mexico.
Mercedes team boss Toto Wolff said: “It has never been done before and that’s why it feels great.
“It’s F1, it’s motor racing. Is it historic? I don’t know. There are more important things out there but for us it feels great.”
Mercedes’ triumph will rub the salt into the wounds of Ferrari, who somehow turned a front-row lockout, with Vettel on pole ahead of team-mate Charles Leclerc, into a second place and a sixth.
Again, as so often this season, Ferrari’s race unravelled as a result of driver errors – from both in this case.
Vettel moved forward in his position box before the red lights had gone out at the start, forcing him to have to stop and then go again, and allowing Bottas to spring past him into the lead at the first corner.
Beside him, Leclerc also made a slow start, if not as poor as Vettel’s, and he had Red Bull’s Max Verstappen alongside him through the first two corners.
In Turn Two, Leclerc slid wide and into Verstappen, pitching the Red Bull into a spin that ultimately led to its retirement, and damaging the Ferrari’s front wing.
Leclerc tried to hang on but was forced to pit on lap three, and was only able to recover to sixth in a race that forced him to spend most of the afternoon picking his way past back markers.
At the front, it was immediately apparent that Bottas had too much pace for Vettel, but the interest was in the divergent strategies of the three top runners.
Ferrari blinked first, pitting Vettel on lap 16 and putting the German on a two-stop strategy. Mercedes responded by pitting Bottas on the next lap to ensure he retained the lead.
They left Hamilton out and told him he was going for one stop on lap 21 for medium tyres.
But the high tyre degradation on a ‘green’ track washed clean on Saturday by Typhoon Hagibis forced them to change their minds and he ran a divergent two-stop, stopping 11 laps after Vettel and hoping to chase him down on fresh tyres in the closing laps.
Hamilton complained about the strategy over the radio, asking how he had lost so much time, why he was not given the hardest tyres and allowed to try for a one-stop strategy, and what he needed to do to win.
When Hamilton did stop on lap 42, he had 10 laps to pass Vettel. He caught him within three laps, but the Ferrari’s straight-line speed advantage made it too difficult to pass and the Briton had to be satisfied with third as his team-mate won his first race since the Azerbaijan Grand Prix in April on a weekend when he was quicker than Hamilton pretty much throughout.